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Travellers to India

NorthSouthEastWest.

he winds bent The Trees with a fragrance of rich adventure, and intrigue. It gilded past, unnoticed by most; but every once in a while, a keen mind could feel that fragrance. And, throwing caution to the very same winds that brought The Promise, they walked on…

Traders, they were called; but, all are clipped in: privateers, pilgrims, merchants, explorers, padres, spies, adventurers …all are, in The Book, under that same name: Traveller. From times BC up to the early 20th century, there has been something real and surreal about distances. From Arrian, to Richard Burton; Al- Baruni, to Alexander Burns; Hieun Tsang, to François Bernier, each has been a first and last.

Fortunately for us, some have left behind works of their Travels. Eye witness accounts of 7th century Kashmir; the intrigues in the courts of Bokhara, in the 19th century; journals of the seafarers, sailing the oceans of Ancient India; the happenings in Persia, in the 17th century. So many Travelers, and a rich harvest of knowledge they left behind for us; to sift, and to understand how to move forward. See the past ages stir up, as you leaf through the books: the hot deserts of Arabia; the icy solitudes of Tibet; the Ports of Bombay; the Delhi Durbar; from the broken swords lying in the high mountains of the Himalayas, to the Jewel of the Crown on the Malabar Coast. And, at last: Finally: The Paradise of India. All: were, are, and will be, will be forever intrigued with India! Peace to All who Travel.



ALL OF THEM KNOCKED AT THIS DOOR

CountryYear of Arrival  Author
 Afghanistan  1442

Abdur Razzak (of Herat). Ambassador. Author of Matlu'u-s Sa'dain wa Majma' ul-l Bahrain

1527

Khondamir (of Herat). His works include Qanuni-Humayuni

 Africa  1333

Ibn-Batuta. Author of Tuhfat-un-Nuzzar fi Gharaib ul-Amsar wa Ajaib-ul-Afsar or Rehla

 America  1812

Adoniram Judson. Missionary

1833

Nathan Brown. Scholar. Linguist and philologist. Author of Comparison of Indo-Chinese language

1836

William Robinson. Missionary. Author of A Grammar of Assamese language

1836

Harriet Low. Compiled Vocabulary and phrases in English and Assamese

1836

Oliver T.Cutter. Printer. Edited Orunodoi

1848

Appleton Danforth. Missionary. Edited Orunodoi

1848

William Ward. Missionary. Scholar. Edited Orunodoi

1850

Fitz-Edward Hall. Sanskrit scholar. Author of A contribution towards an index of the philosophy of the Indian philosophical systems

1853

Bayard Taylor.. Author of A visit to India, China and Japan in the year 1853

1856

William Butler.. Missionary. Author of The land of the Veda

1858

James Talboys Wheeler. Author of History of India 1867-81

1864

Samuel Kellogg. Missionary. Author of Grammar of the Hindi language; etc.

1874

Clara Swain. Doctor

1876

William T.Hornady. Zoologist

1876

AK.Gurney. Missionary. Author of Old Testament into Assamese

1878

Colonel Olcott. Theosophist

1878

General Grant and Julia Grant. visited India. See John Russell Young. Around the world with General Grant

1879

F.Marion Crawford. Novelist. Portrayed Anglo-Indian life in Mr. Isaacs. Edited Indian Herald (Allahabad)

1883

Sidney W.Rivenburg. Missionary. Author of Angami-English phrases

1888

Charles Rockwell Lanman. Sanskrit scholar. Author of Jataka Mala etc.

1896

Mark Twain. Humorist and celebrated writer. He touches on India in his travelogue, Following the Equator

1901

Abraham Valentine Jackson. Author of Avesta grammar in comparison with Sanskrit; etc.

c. 1902

Eliza Ruhana Scidmore. Author of Winter India

c. 1905

William Borden. Director of State Libraries, Baroda

1936

Theos C.Bernard. Author of Heaven lies with us and Penthouse of the Gods

 Arab  c. AD. 851

Sulaiman A.. A merchant. Author of Salsilatu-t-tawarikh; with additions by Abu Zaid

c. AD. 870

AI -Biladuri. Died AD. 892. Author of Futu' hu-l Bulda'n

915

AI -Masudi. Author of Muruju-l Zahab

c. A.D. 951

Abu Ishak Al Istakhri. Author of Kitabu-l Akalim

c. A.D. 951

Ibn Hawqal. Author of Ashkalu-l Bilad

c. A.D. 1000

Abu Dulaf Mis'ar bin Muhalhil. Poet. His original account in Arabic has been translated into French by G. Ferrand and into German by Avon Rohr-Sauer

c. A.D. 1017

Alberuni. Author of Tarikh-i-Hind

c. A.D. 1150

AI -Idrisi.Geog. Geographer. Author of Muzhat-al-Mushtaq

1724/25

Abbas bin Ali a. Author of Nuzhat-ul-Jalis wa Munyat-ul-Anis

 Austria  1774

Johann Philipp. Author of Viaggio alle Indie orientali, pub. under pseudonym of Fra Paolino da S. Bartolomeo

1843

Aloys Sprenger. Author of English Hindustani grammar; etc.

1766

Josephy Tiffenthaler.

 Belgium  1799

Francois Baltha. Artist. Author of Les Hindous

1875

Count Eugene Go. Correspondent of Independence Belge. Author of Inde et Himalaya; etc.

1878

Archbishop Geot. Came to India as a Bishop

 Canada  c. 1890

Sarah Jeannette. Correspondent of Toronto Globe and Montreal Star. Author of The simple adventures of memsahib; etc.

1950

Elise Aylen.Au. Author of The Night of the Lord

1977

Jannette Turner. Author of The ivory swing

 China  c. AD.401

Fah -Hien. Buddhist monk. Author of Fo-koue-ki

630

Hiuen Tsang. Buddhist monk. Author of Hsi- Yu-shi

675

I -tsing. Buddhist monk. Author of A record of the Buddhist religion as practised in India and Malay archipelago. Tr. by 1. Takakusu

727

Hui -Chao.

13th cent.

Chao Ju - Kua.Au. Author of Chu-fan-Chih

1330-49

Wang Ta- Yuan.. Author of Tao-i-Chi-Pio

15th cent.

Cheng Ho.

15th cent.

Fei Hsin. Author of Hsing-cha-Sheng-Ian

15th cent.

Ma Huan. Author of Ying-yai-Sheng-Ian

518

Sung-Yun.

 Croatia  1295

Marco Polo. Born in Korcula, Croatia. He was a citizen of Venice. See the entry under Italy.

1625

Nikola Ratkaj. Missionary

1776

Ivan Filip Vezdin. Missionary. Author of 20 books on India including Viaggio alle Indie Orientali

1338

Giovanni de Marignolli. Bishop. Author of Cronica boemorum

1616

W.P. Kirwitzer. Mathematician. Author of Observations cometarum auni 1618 factae a nostris in India Orientali

1749

Karel Prikryl. Theologian. Author of Epistolae, quibus civitas, collegium et portus Goani, mores Orientalium describuntur et errores plurium, qui in bac materia versati sunt, deteguntur; etc.

1753

Vaclav Prutky - Remedius . Franciscan monk. Author of Itinerary

19th cent.

Ian Vilem Helfer Naturalist. Naturalist. Diaries were published in 1873

1831

Stephanus Tamasko. Sanskrit and Vedic scholar. Author of De Causis linguae Sanscitae

1863

Ferdinand Stoliczka. Geologist. Wrote on the fauna of South India and on the geology of the route to Kashgar

1863

Otakar Feistmantel. Geologist. Published observations on culture, history, agriculture, etc. and organized the first exhibition on India in Prague in 1884

1909

Otakar Pertold. Author of Cesty po Hindustanu

1947

Herman Klacko.. Diplomat. Author of Svetla a tiene Indie

 Denmark  1618

Ove Gjedde. Admiral

1622

Jon Olafsson. Author of The life of the Icelander Jon Olafsson

c. 1670

Fredrik Bolling. Published in 1678 a report of his experiences. Author of Friderici Bollingii OostIndiske Reise-bog, hvor udi befattis hans Reise til Oost-Indien; etc.

1719

Benjamin Schulze. Lutheran missionary. Author of Hindustani Grammar; etc.

1821

Rasmus Christian Rask. Philologist. Author of Frisische Sprachlehre, bearb nach dem namlichen Plane wie die Islandische und sac-Angelsache

c. 1841

Niel Ludwig Westergaad. Orientalist. Author of Zendavesta; etc.

 England  A.D. 883

Sighelmus. Believed to have been sent to India by Alfred

1579

Thomas Stephens. Missionary. Author of The Christian Purana; etc.

1583

Ralph Fitch. Travelled with Levant merchants. See Ralph Fitch-England's pioneer to India and Burma/Myanmar

1603

John MildenhalI. Visited the Court of Jahangir. Author of a letter written on October 3, 1606 from Persia

1607

Capt.R.Coverte. Author of True and almost incredible report of an Englishman

1608

William Finch. Merchant. Agent to an expedition which obtained trading privileges from the East India Co. Wrote letters from Lahore. Published in Purchas his pilgrims

1608

William Hawkins. Sea Captain and merchant. Author of Hawkins' voyages

1611

Henry Middleton. Merchant and sea Captain. Wrote letters. Published in Purchas his pilgrims

1612

Nicholas Withington. English Factor.

1612

Thomas Best. His observations are published in Purchas his pilgrims

1615

Thomas Roe. Diplomat. Author of The embassy of Sir Thomas Roe to the Court of the Great Mogul

1615

Edward Terry.

1616

Thomas Coryat.. Reached Agra in October. 1616. Author of Corayat's crudities; with letters from India

1628

Peter Mundy. Worked as a cabin-boy on a merchant ship. Author of The travels of Peter Mundy in Europe and Asia

1630

Henry Lord. Missionary. Author of A discoverie of the sect of the Banians; etc.

1655

John Burnell. Author of Bombay in the days of Queen Anne

1668

John Marshall. Perhaps the first Englishman to study Indian antiquities. Author of Notes and observations on East India

1670s

John Fryer. Travelled in the East. Author of A new account of East India and Persia

1689

John Ovington. Chaplain at Surat. Author of A voyage to Surat in the year 1689

c. 1705

Alexander Hamilton. Author of A new account of the East Indies

1732

John Zephaniah Holwell. Surgeon to the East India Co. Author of Narrative of the black hole; etc.

1742

Robert Orme. Accountant General. Author of A history of the military transactions of the British nation in Indostan

1748

William Herbert. Hydrographer. Author of A new directory for the East Indies

1750

John Henry Grose. A writer in the East India Co.'s service. Author-of A voyage to the East Indies

1755

Edward Ives. Naval surgeon and traveller. Author of A voyage from England to India

1758

William Nichols. Sailed to the East Indies on board the Elizabeth. Author of Sundry remarks and observations made in a voyage

1760

James Rennell.. Surveyor. Author of the Bengal atlas; etc.

1760

Alexander Dow.. Author of The history of Hindustan, from the earliest account of time to the death of Akbar

1765

James Forbes. Member of the L.C.S., an artist and a scholar. Author of Oriental memoirs; etc.

1769

William Hickey. Law officer with the East India Co. Author of Memoirs

1770

Charles Wilkins. Orientalist and Sanskrit scholar. Writer in the East India Co.'s service.Translated Hitopadesa; etc.

1773

Nathaniel Brassey Halhed. Orientalist and linguist. Author of A code of gentoo laws; etc.

1776

William Roxburgh. Botanist. Supdt., Calcutta Botanical Garden. Author of Plants of the coast of Coromandel; etc. Left Mss on Indian Botany

1776

Charles Hamilton. Translated The Hedaya or Guide to Muhammadan Law

1778

William Hodges. . Landscape painter. Author of Travels in India during the years 1780-83; etc.

1779

Eliza Fay. Wife of Anthony Fay, who practised in the courts of Calcutta. Author of Original letters from India

1780

Innes Munro.Lieut. Fought against Hyder Ali. Author of A ·narrative of the military operations on the Coromandel coast

1781

Donald Campbell. Captain in the service of the Nawab of the Carnatic. Author of A narrative of the extra-ordinary adventures. .

1781

David Price. Worked in the army; Judge-advocate, Bombay Army. Author of A chronological retrospect of Muhammadan history; etc.

1781

Patrick Russell. Physician and naturalist; botanist to the East India Co. in the Carnatic. Author of The poisonous snakes on the Coromandel coast; etc.

1782

H.T.Colebrooke. Orientalist and Professor, Fort William College. Author of A digest of Hindu law; etc.

1782

George Forster. East India Co.'s Civil Service. Author of A journey from Bengal to England etc.

1782

John Malcolm. Administrator and diplomat. Author of Political history of India; etc.

1782

Edward Moor. Served with the Maharatta army; member, Asiatic Society of Calcutta. Wrote on Hindu mythology. Author of Hindu pantheon; etc.

1783

William Jones. Orientalist and jurist; founded Bengal Asiatic Society; Judge, High Court, Calcutta. Wrote on Hindu religion and law. Translated Hitopadesa; etc.

1784

Thomas Daniell. Artist. Author of Oriental scenery

1784

William Daniell. Artist. Author of A picturesque voyage to India; etc.

1788

Mathew Ainslie. Doctor. Author of Materia medica of Hindustan .

1790

Robert Home. Artist. Author of The select views in Mysore

1791

Charles Gold. Artist. Author of Oriental drawings

1792

Thomas Twining. Visited India and the United States. Author of Travels in India

1794

N.E.Kindersley. Civil servant. Author of A letter on the propagation of Christianity in India; etc.

c. 1794

Joshua Marshman. Linguist. Edited Samachar Darpan, the first Bengali weekly in 1818

1795

Thomas Duel ' Broughton. Worked with the Bengal & Madras establishments. Author of Letters from a Maratha camp; etc.

1797

Claudius Buchan. Missionary. Author of Christian researches in Asia

1799

John Clark Marshman. Educationist. Accompanied his father Joshua Marshman to Serampur. Edited Friend of India. Author of History of Bengal; etc.

1799

James Tod. Attached to the Resident at Gwaliof' surveyed and mapped Rajasthan. Author of Annals and antiquities of Rajasthan; etc.

1804

Robert Melville. Artist and Captain, Bombay Native Infantry. Author of Scenery, costumes and architecture .. .

1804

Mary Martha Sherwood. Wife of Captain Henry Sherwood of the 53rd regt. Author of The Indian pilgrim; etc.

1804

William Taylor. Bengal Civil Service. Artist. Author of Sketches illustrating the manners and customs of the Indians and Anglo-Indians

1805

Daniel Johnson. Author of Sketches of Indian field sports

1808

Maria Graham. Married in India to Thomas Graham and later to Sir A.W. Callcott and travelled in Bengal and southern India. Author of Journal of a residence in India; etc.

1808

William Moorcraft. Veterinary surgeon. Author of Travels in the Himalayan provinces of Hindustan and the Punjab

1808

Horace Hayman Wilson. Orientalist. Translated Meghaduta; etc.

1809

William Henry Sleeman. Govt. official and Major-General. Superintendent, Suppression of Thaggi and Dacoity. Author of Rambles and recollections of an Indian official; etc.

1810

Sydney Cotton. Commanded the N.W. Frontier in 1853. Author of Nine years on the N. W. Frontier, 1854-63

1814

Francis Buchanan-Hamilton. Doctor. Author of Fishes of the Ganges

1815

James Baillie Fraser. Author of Journal of a tour through parts of the snowy range of the Himalayan mountains

1817

G.Fitzclarence Lt.. in the service of the East India Company. Author of Journal of a route across India

1818

Moyle Sherer. 34th regt. Author of Sketches of India; etc.

1819

Thomas Williamson. Captain in Bengal Army. Author of Oriental field sports

1821

Lloyd William, Gerard Alexander. Explorer of high Passes in the Western Himalayas

1822

Reginald Heber. Missionary traveller. Author of Narrative of a Journey. . .

1822

John William Massie. Missionary. Author of Continental India

1822

Fanny Parkes. Accompanied her husband to India; visited India three times. Author of Wanderings of a pilgrim

1822

G.A.Prinsep. Studied for three months the external commerce and exchanges of Bengal. Author of Remarks on the external commerce and exchanges of Bengal

1823

Alexander Burnes. Political Officer in the Bombay native infantry. Author of Travels into Bokhara )

1823

Philip Meadows Taylor. Nizam's military service. Author of Confessions of a thug; etc.

1825

Mrs. Col. Elwood. Travelled overland from England to India. Resided in India for four years

1825

Alexander Gibson. Botanist. Author of The Bombay flora .

1826

Henry Miners Elliot. Civil servant. Author of The history of India as told by its own historians

1827

Edward C. Archer. Aid-De-Camp to Lord Combermere. Author of Tours in upper India . . .

1827

James Burnes. Physician. Author of Narrative of a visit to Sind

1827

Godfrey Charles Mundy. Aid-De-Camp to Lord Combermere. Author of Pen and pencil sketches being a journal of a tour in India

1829

Francis George White. 31st regt. Artist. Author of Views in India

1830s

John Hobart Caunter. Writer and cadet. Author of Oriental annual

1830

Robert Elliot. Author of Views in the East

1830

Henry Lawrence.. Soldier and distinguished administrator. Author of Adventures of an officer in the service of Ranjeet Singh; etc.

1831

Thomas Bacon. Bengal Horse Artillery. Author of First impressions and studies from nature in Hindustan

1832

John William Kaye. Military historian. Author of History of the sepoy war in India; etc.

1832

Godfrey Charles Vigne. Barrister. Author of Travels in Kashmir; etc.

1833

Harriette Ashmore. Author of Narrative of a three months' march in India. . .

1833

Alexander Cunningham. Executive Engineer and well-known scholar. Author of Corpus inscriptionum Indicarum; etc.

1833

Albert Hervey. Captain, Madras Infantry. Author of Ten years in India

1835

James Fergusson. Architect and distinguished art historian. Author of The rock-cut temples of India; etc.

1835

Thomas C. Jerdon. Madras Medical Service. Author of Birds of India; etc.

1836

Emily Eden. Novelist and artist. Author of Up the Country; etc.

1836

Henry Edward Fane. Author of Five years in India

1836

Julia Charlotte Maitland. Wife" of Jas Thomas (died at Madras in 1840). Author of The letters from Madras

1836

John Fredrick Shore. Judge. Author of Notes on Indian affairs

1840s

H.A.Leveson. Hyderabad Subsidiary Force. Author of The hunting grounds of the old world

1840

Henry Yule. Linguist. Co-author of Hobson- Jobson

1841

John Butler.Major. Bengal Native Infantry. Author of A sketch of Assam

1842

Thomas Erskine Perry. Judge, Supreme Court of Bombay. Author of A bird's eye view of India; etc.

1842

T.Acland.Clergyman. Author of A popular account of the manners and customs of India

1842

George Campbell. Administrator. Author of The capital of India; etc.

1842

Robert Gill. Artist and sportsman. Author of The rock-cut temples of lndia; etc.

1844

George Bruce Malleson. Colonel and military writer. Author of The mutiny of the Bengal army; etc.

1845

James Robert Ballantyne. Linguist. Author of Elements of Hindi and Braj Bakha grammar; etc.

1845

W.W.W. Humbley. Queen 's Royal Lancers; joined Sikh campaign. Author of Journal of a cavalry officer

1846

Henry George Briggs. Served in the Bombay Secretariat. Author of Cities of Gujarashtra

1846

Richard Francis Burton. Author of Goa, and the blue mountains or six months of sick leave

1847

Edward Braddon. Commissioner, Bhagalpur and Oudh. Author of Thirty years of shikar

1847

Joseph Dalton Hooker. Botanist. Author of Himalayan journals; etc.

1847

Henry George Keene. Civil servant and scholar Author of Fall of the Mughal empire; etc. .

c. 1847

Henry Martin Scudder. Missionary. Author of The bazaar book; etc.

1848

Charles Richard Francis. Doctor. Author of Sketches of native life in India

1848

Fredrick Markha Lt. General. Author of Shooting m the Himalayas

1848

Henry Morris. Madras Civil Service. Author of Anglo-Indian worthies; etc.

1849

Andrew.Leith Adams. Naturalist. Author of Wanderings of a naturalist in India

1849

Allan O. Hume. Civil servant, Ornithologist, and founder of the Indian National Congress. Author of Nests and eggs of Indian birds; etc.

1850

Joseph Fayrer. Surgeon-General. Author of The thanatophidia of India; etc.

1850

Donald Macintyre. Commanded 2nd Gurkhas. Author of Wanderings and wild sport on and beyond the Himalaya

1850

William Rice. 25 Regt., Bombay. Author of Tiger shooting in India

1852

Francis Egerton. Author of Journal of a winter's tour in India

1852

Matthew Atmore Sherring. Missionary. Author of The Indian church during the rebellion etc. '

1854

Ralph Thomas Hotchkin Griffith. Orientalist. Translated Ramayana; etc.

1855

James Burgess. Archaeologist. Author of The rock temples of Elephanta; etc.

1855

William Knighton. Professor of History and Logic, Hindu College, Calcutta University. Author of Private life of an Eastern king; etc.

1855

Alfred C.Lyall. Civil servant and scholar. Author of Verses written in India; etc.

1856

Edwin Arnold. Orientalist and poet. Author of The light of Asia; etc.

1857

George Francklin Atkinson. Bengal Engineers. Author of Curry and rice on 40 plates; or the ingredients of social life at our station in India; etc.

1859

Clements Robert Markham. Introduced cinchona trees from Peru into India. Author of Memoirs of the Indian Surveys

c. 1860

T.G.Fraser , Lt.-Col.. Bombay Fusiliers. Author of Record of sport and military life in western India

1860

Lepel Henry Griffin. Civil servant. Author of The Panjab chiefs; etc.

1860 s.

Monier -Williams. Distinguished Sanskritist. Author of the major Sanskrit dictionary and Life and thought in India; etc.

1860

George Otto Trevelyan. Distinguished civil servant. Author of The competition wallah; etc.

1861

Baden Henry Baden. Civil servant and scholar. Author of Land systems of British India; etc.

1862

James Forsyth. Conservator of Forests. Author of The highlands of central India; etc.

1862

William Wilson Hunter. Scholar, educationalist and civil servant. Editor of Imperial Gazetteer of India; etc.

1864

Charles E.Gover. Principal, Madras Orphan Male Asylum. Author of The folk-songs of southern India; etc.

1864

G.P. Sanderson. Officer-in-Charge, Govt. Elephant-catching Establishment, Mysore. Author of Thirteen years among the wild beasts of India

1865

F.F.Wyman. Author of From Calcutta to the snowy range

1866

Mary Carpenter. Educationalist and reformer. Author of Six months in India

1867

John Faithful Fleet. Epigraphist. Author of Epigraphia Indica; etc.

1868

J.H.Baldwin. Captain, Bengal Staff Corps. Author of The large and small game of Bengal and the N. W. Provinces of India

1868

Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff. Governor of Madras. Author of Notes of an Indian journey; etc.

1869

William Lee - War. Civil servant. Author of The citizen of India; etc.

1870

George Robert A. Principal of Rajkumar College, Indore and other institutions. Author- of Twenty-one days in India. etc.

1870

M.G.Gerard.Br. Brigade Major in the Afghan war. Author of Leaves from the diaries of a soldier and sportsman. . .

1870

Denzil Charles Ibbetson. Scholar and civil servant. Editor of Gazetteer of the Punjab; etc.

1871

William Crooke.. Scholar, magistrate and collector. Author of The popular religion and folklore of northern India; etc.

1871

Andrew HL Frase. Civil servant. Author of Among Indian rajahs and ryots

1871

John Garret.di. Director of Public Instruction. Author of A classical dictionary of India

1872

George William Forrest. Director, Govt. of India Records. Author of Cities of India; etc.

1872

T.W.Holderness. Civil servant. Author of Peoples and problems of India

1873

G.A. Grierson.. Linguist. Author of The languages of India

1873

Edward Lear.Ar. Artist. Author of Edward Lear's Indian journal

1873

Robert H.Risley. Scholar and civil servant. Author of Primitive marriage in Bengal; etc.

1875

John David Rees. Madras civil servant. Author of The Muhammadans

1876

Val C. Prinsep . An Artist for Indian Government

1877

A.H.Arden. Linguist. Author of The Panchatantra in Tamil; etc.

1877

Samuel John Thomson. Indian medical service. Author of The Silent India; etc.

1879

J.C.Murray -Aynsley. Visited India twice. Author of Our tour in southern India; etc.

1882

E.F.Burton.Major- Gen.. Madras Staff Corps. Author of Reminiscences of sport in India; etc.

1882

William Foster. Edited The Embassy of Sir Thomas Roe to the Court of the Great Mogul 1615-19

1884

Cecil Bendal. Orientalist. Author of A journey of literary and archaeological research in Nepal and northern India

1887

Charles Robert Wilson. Bombay Education Department. Author of Inscriptions on tombs and monuments in Bengal

1891

Christina S. Bremer. Travelled in northern India. Author of A month in a Dandi

1891

Ethel St.Clair Grimwood. Wife of the English political agent in Manipur. Author of My three years in Manipur; etc.

1892

E.F.Knight. Barrister and journalist. Author of Where three empires meet; etc.

1892

Edward Carpenter. Author of Adams Peak to Elephanta; etc. .

c. 1900

Edward F.Elwin. Missionary. Author of India jottings; etc.

1904

Walter Del Mar.. Author of India of Today; etc.

1905

Flora Annie Steel. Married a Bengal civilian. Author of From the five rivers; etc.

1906

William H.Hart. Lived in Calcutta. Author of Everyday life in Bengal . . . . .

1911

John Fortesque. Author of Narrative of a Visit to India

1912

E.M.Forster. Celebrated novelist. Author of A passage to India; etc. .

1913

G.C.Dyson. Author of From a Pan jab pome- granate grove

1913

Frank Elias. Author of The Gorgeous East; etc .

1922

John McKenzie. Taught at Wilson College, Bombay. Author of Hindu Ethics; etc.

 France  1529

Jean and Raoul Parmentier. Visited Maldives. Authors of Journal du voyage de Jean Parmentier . . .

1602

Francois Martinn de Vitre. Visited Maldives. Wrote Description du premier voyage facit aux Indes orientales par les Francois en l'an 1603

1607

Francois Pyrard de Laval. Author of Discours du voyage de Francois aux Indes orientales

c. 1615

Jean Mocquet. Author of Voyages en Afrique, Asie Indes, orientales et occidentales

1631

Jean Baptiste Tavernier. Made six voyages to India. Author of Les six voyages de Jean-Baptiste Tavernier

c 1650

La Boullaye Le Gouz. Author of La Boullaye Le Gouz sa vie et ses voyages

1656

Francois Bernier. Physician. Author of Historie de la derniere revolution des etats du gran Mogol

1665

Jean Chardin. Businessman. Wrote on Suleman III of Persia. Author of Journal du voyage due chevalier Chardin en Perse et Indes orientales

1666

Jean de Thevenot. Author of Voyages de Mr. de Thevenot, contenant la relation de i' Hindostan des nouveaux Mogols et des autres peuples et pays des Indes

1669

Gabriel Dellon. Author of Nouvelle relation d'un voyage fait aux Indes orientales contenant La description . . . de Surate, de la cote de Malabar.

1672

Abbe Carre. Author of Voyage des Indes orientales, male de plusieurs histories curieuses

c 1690

Francois Martin. Author of Memoirs

1690

Abraham Duquesne. Author of Journal d'un voyage fait aux Indes orientales. . .

c 1700

Luillier -Lagaudiers. Author of Voyage du sieur Luillier aux grandes Indes

1752

Jean Baptiste Joseph Gentil. Author of Memoirs sur l'lndoustan: Historie de Radjahs de l'Indoustan

c 1770

Comte Duprat. Author of Voyage du Comte Duprat dans i'lnde, ecrit par lui-meme

1774

P.Sonnerat. Author of Voyage aux Index orientales et a la Chine. . . 1774 et 1781

1789

Louis Marie Joseph O'hier Comte de Grandpre. Author of Voyage dans l'lnde et au Bengalie,fait dans ies annees 1789 etc 1790

1792

Abbe J.A.Dubois. Author of Moeurs, institutions et ceremonies des peuples de l'lnde; etc.

c 1795

Joseph Francois. Author of Voyage au Bengaie . . .

1802

Charles Francois. Author of Voyage aux Indes orientales pendant les annees . . .

1803

Guy de Courson. Author of Une mission aux Indes, 1803-04 . . .

1803

Jules Damian. Author of Prospectus: Un pelerinage dans l'lnde

1828

Victor Jacquemont. Botanist. Author of Correspondance . . .

1830

Cyrille Pierre Theodore Laplace. Author of Voyage autour du monde par les mers de l'lnde et de Chine

1838

Saint-Hubert Theroulde. Author of Voyage dans l'lnde

1864

Louis Rousselet. Studied art and architecture. Author of India and its princes

1886

James Darmesteter. Orientalist. Author of Lettres sur l'lnde

1897

Sylvain Levi. Sanskritist. Author of Le theatre Indien; etc.

1899

Pierre Loti. Pseudonym of Louis Marie Julien Viaud. Naval officer and novelist. Author of Le mariage de Loti

19th cent.

Michel Perrin. Author of Voyage dans I'Indoustan Victor Fontainer. Author of Voyage dans l'lnde Francois Devay. Author of Journal d'un voyage dans l'lnde anglaise. Alfred Author of Voyage dans les provinces meridionales de I'lnde . . .

19th cent.

Emile Charles Marie Senart. Sanskrit scholar. Author of Kaccyana et la litterature grammaticale du Pali; etc.

19th cent.

A.Thenon. Author of A travers l'Inde

19th cent.

Louis Jacolliot. Author of Voyage au pays des Brahmes; etc.

19th cent.

Henry Bohan. Author of Voyage aux Indes orientales

19th cent.

Emile Guimet. Musician. Author of Huit jours aux Indes

19th cent.

Leon Clery. Author of De Paris a Lahore, lettres familieres

19th cent.

Prince d 'Orlean et Bragance Louis. Author of A travers l'Hindo-kush Maurice George Rene Maindron. Author of Dans l'Inde du Sud

1931

Henri Michaux. Poet. Author of Un barbare en Asie

1939

Jules Monchanin. Catholic priest. Author of Del'esthetique a la mystique

 Georgia  A.D. 13th cent

Minhaj -al - Siraj Jurjani. Poet. Wrote an historical account, Tabaqat-i-Nasiri

1795

Rafail Danibegov. Author of A journey to India

 Germany  1197

Henrich von Morungen. Minnesinger.

1498

Martin Behaim and Johannes Muller. accompanied Vasco da Gama.

1505

Hans Mayr And Balthasar Sprenger. accompanied Dom Francisco d' Almeida

1607

Johann Verken. Soldier in Dutch service.

1638

Albrecht von Mandelslo. Author of Albrechts von Mandellso morgenlandische reise-beschreibung

c.1670

Martin Wintergeist. His account of India was published in Reisebeschreibungen . . . , edited by S.P. L'Nhonore Naber (The Hague, 1930-32)

1675

Christoph Schweitzer . Author of Reise nach Java und Ceylon, edited by L'Nhonore Naber

1682

Bartholomaus Ziegenbalg. Lutheran theologian Author of Genealogie der Malabarishen Gotter etc.

c 1700

Johann Ernst Hanxleden. Catholic missionary Malayalam and Sanskrit scholar. Author Puthenpana; or, the life of Christ; etc.

c 1757

Walter Balthasar Reinhardt. Served Shah Alam II in 1772 civil war; husband of Begum Samru

c. 1770

Johann Philipp Fabricius and Christian Breithaupt. Co-authors of A Malabar and English dictionary

1776

Johann Peter Rottler. Produced a report on botanical researches on his journey from Tranquebar to Madras. Also, author of Tamil-English dictionary; etc.

c 1788

Johann Gottfried Haensel. Missionary in Nicobar Author of Letters on the Nicobar Islands

1832

Joseph Wolff. Missionary. Author of Travels adventures of Dr. Wolff"

1842

Herman Beythan. Tamil scholar. Author of Praktische grammatik der Tamil sprache

1842

J.C.F.Heyer. Telugu scholar. Author of religious songs in Telugu

c 1850

Hermann Gundert. Malayalam scholar. Author Grammar of the Malayalam language; etc.

1859

Martin H.Haug. Orientali Author of The Aitareya Brahmana; etc.

1863

G.Buehler. German scholar. Author of paleography

1866

William Schpich. Author of A manual of forestry; etc.

1870

Augusts Rudolf Frederic Hoernle. Celebrated linguist. Author of Comparative grammar the North Indian languages

1873

Herman Georg Jacobi. Celebrated Sanskritist..Author of Das Ramayana; etc.

1882

Julius E.Jolly. Physicist and celebrated philologist. Translated into English the e Institutes of Narada; etc.

1884

Eugen Hultzsch. celebrated philologist. Author of Prolegomena zu Vasantaraja sakuna; etc.

1892

Paul Deussen. Orientalist. Author of Das system des Vedanta; etc.

1894

F. Kittel. Kannada scholar. Author of Kannada English dictionary

1835-36

Charles Hugel. German Aristocrat Travelled in Panjab & Kashmir

 Greece  326 b.c.

Nearchus. Author of The voyage of Nearchus from the Indus to the Euphrates, collected from e from original journal preserved by Arrian

302 b.c.

Megasthenese. Ambassador. Author of Indica

3rd cent. b.c.

Dionusis Envoy. Dionusis Envoy

A.D. 535-547

Cosmas Indicopleustes. Merchant. Author of Topographia Christiana

 Holland  1583

Jan Huygen van Linchooten. Author of Journael van de derthhien – jarighe, Reise .. na Oost Indien

1601

I.Van Speilberghen. Author of 't historiael journael … vander Stadt Camp -Vere onaer d'Oost Indien

1620

Franciso Pelsaert. Junior merchant. Author of a journal

1651

Abraham Rojerius. Author of De open-deure tot het verborgen heydendom

c. 1660

Philippus Baldaeus. Author of Naauwkerige beschryvinge van Malabar en Choromandel, der zelver aangrenzende ryken en het machtige eyland Ceylon

c. 1680

Daniel Havart.. Author of open Ondergang van Coromandel

c. 1720

Fracois Valentyn. Author of Oud en nieuw Oost-Indien.

1766

J.Haafner. Author of Reize in eenen Palanguin: of lotgevallen en herkwaardige a antieekingen opeene reige langs de kusten Orixa en Choromandel

1640

John Nieuhoff. Traveler to the West and East Indies

 Hungary  1829

J.M.Honigberger. Author of Thirty-five years in the East

c. 1830

Agostan Schoefft. Painter. Made portraits of Ranjit Singh, Sher Singh, etc.

1847

Edward Rehatsek. Latin scholar and mathematician. Contributed to Calcutta Review and published works on Islam, Christianity; etc

1854

Theodore Duka.. Author of Life and works of Alexander Csome de Koras

1864

Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner. Principal, Govt. College. Lahore. Author of several works. Edited Asiatic Quarterly Review

1888

Mark Aurel Stein. Archaeologist. Principal of the Oriental College and Registrar of Punjab University, Lahore. Produced many works and catalogues including Memoirs of the ancient geography of Kashmir

c. 1920

Alexender Csoma de Koras. Author of Dictionary and a grammar of Tibetan language

1926

Ervin Baktay. Author of lndiai regek es mondak

1929

Ferenc Zajti. Painter. Author of Kapcsolataink lndiaval

1929

Julius Germanus. Author of Islamic studies

1933

Rozsa Hajnoczy. Wife of Charles Fabri. Author of Bengali tuz (Bengali fire)

1933

Charles Fabri.. Author of Indian flamingo

 Iran  10th Cent.

Abu Ishaq Ibrahim bin Muhammad Istakhari . Author of Kitab-al-aqalim

13th. Cent.

Shaikh Sadi. Poet. Author of Bustan

14th. Cent.

Hafiz (of Shira). Poet. d. 1389. Wrote a Dewan

1432

Shaikh Azuri. Poet. Author of Jawahir-ul-Asrar. etc.

16th. Cent.

Mir Sayyad Ali Tabrizi. Painter; accompanied Humayun to India

16th. Cent.

Khwaja Abd-us-Samad Shirazi. Painter; accompanied Humayun to India

16th. Cent.

Shahpur khorasani. Painter.

16th. Cent.

Urfi (of Shiraz). Poet d. 1590

c. 1560

Muhammad Kasim Faristha. Historian. Author of Tarikhi-i-Firishta

1577

Asaf Khan. also called Mirza Jafar Beg. Poet

17th. Cent.

Muhammad Hussain Naziri. Poet. d. 1612

17th. Cent.

Mulla Zuhuri. Poet. Works include Mina Bazar; Saqi-nama

c. 1610

Abu Talib 'Kalim'. Poet. Author of Zafar-nama-i-Shah Jahan

1649

Mirza Muhammad Muqim Fauji (of Shiraz). Poet, but was also a soldier in Bengal

1734

Sheikh Muhammad Ali Hazim. Author of Tazkaratul-Ahwal

1809

Mirza Abul - Hasa Khan. Ambassador. Author of Hirat-Nama

 Ireland  1787

George Thomas.. Commanded the army of Begum Samru

1802

George Annesley Valentia. Succeeded to the Irish peerage as second Earl of Mountnorres. Author of Voyages and travels in India, the Red Sea, Abyssinia and Egypt from 1802 to 1806

 Italy  1295

Marco Polo. Author of Il Milione. Originally written in French, and lost. Later reconstructed from various manuscripts ---copied from the original. Translated into Latin, Italian, English, etc

1321

Odorico da Pordenone. Missionary. Author of 1tineranus orientalis

c. 1419

Nicolo dei Conti. Author of India recognita forming Book IV of De varietate fortunae by Poggio Bracciolini

c. 1499

Gerolamo di Santo Stefano. His account is contained in a letter published in Viaggi in Persia India e Giava di Nicolo De Conti, Girolamo Adorno e Girolamo da Santo Stefano, ed. M. Longhena

1503

Giovanni da Empoli. A Florentine merchant. Author of Letters di G. da Empoli. ed. A. Bausani

1505

Ludovico de Varthema. Author of Itinerario

1515

Andrea Corsali. Wrote Ietters

1565

Cesare Federici. An acccount of his travels was written by Fra Barto Lomeo Dionigi

1578

Rodolfo Acquaviva. Jesuit in the court of Wrote letters, published in J. Wicki's Monumenta missionum, vols 28-30; Documenta Indica 11, 1577-80, Rome 1970); (vol. 12, 1Rome, 1972)

1579

Gasparo Balbi. Author of Viaggi di C. Federici e G: Balbi all Orientali ed. O. Pinto

1582

Fillippo Sassetti. Wrote letters

1584

Jacobo Fenicio. Missionary. Author of Livro primerio da Seita dos Indios orientalis

1599

Francesco Carletti. Florentine merchant. of Ragionamenti

1605

Roberto de Nobili. Missionary. His works include Apologia

1622

Pietro Della Valle. Author of De'Viaggi di Della Valle il Pellegrino

1656

Nicolo Manucci. Author of S do Mogor

1656

Giuseppe di S. Maria. A missionary. Author of Prima speditione all Indie orientali; etc.

1656

Vincenzo Maria di S. Caterina da Siena. Missionary. Author of the ll viaggio all' Indie orientali

c. 1693

Giovanni Francesco Gemilli Careri. Author of Giro del mondo

1695

Giovanni Francesco Gemilli Careri. Gemelli Careri was a native of Italy who visited India between 23rd June 1693 to 3rd December 1699

1710

Constantius Beschi. Jesuit, Author of books including one against the Lutherans

1756

Marco della Tomba. Missionary. His account is given Gli Scritti del Pandre Marco Della Tomba by Angelo de Gubernatis

1776

Paolino di S. Bartolomeo. Missionary. Author of Viaggio alle Indie orientali

1781

Eustachio Delfini. Captain, Author of Raggualic della spedizione della flotta francese all’indie orientali, seguita negli anni 1781-1782-1783 sotto la condotta del Generale De Suffren

1792

Lazzaro Papi. Missionary. Author of Storia dell' Indostan

1810

Angelo de Gubernatis. Sanskrit scholar. Founded Rivista Orientale, and wrote Piccola enciclopedia Indiana; etc.

1712-1713

Desideri Ippolito. Jesuit Missionary. Travel to Tibet via Ladakh

 Korea  c. A.D. 8th Cent.

Hye -Ch 'o. Author of Wang O chun chuk guk chun (My visit to five regions of India)

 Poland  c. 1490

Gasper da Gama. Worked as Port Manager

c. 1596

Krzysztof Pawlowskki. Author of Les Indes Portugaises a la fin du XVlme siecle

c. 1610

Pawel Palczewksi. Published his accounts in 1610

1625

Andrzej Rudomina. A Jesuit, whose departure for India was commemorated by the Polish poet Maciej Sarbiewski in an ode

1736

Mikolaj Szostak. Missionary

18th Cent.

Maksymiliam Wiklinki. Recorded everyday life in Pondicherry and Calcutta in his diary

1814

Rhenius. A missionary from Gradudenz. Author of The essence of the true Veda

1830

Count Wladyslaw Malachowski. His account is available in MS form in the University of Warsaw: registered under no. 9708

 Portugal  1488

Pedro de Covilha. Adventurer. Reached Cannonore, disguised as an Arab

1498

Vasco Da Gama. Renowned navigator. Author of Navigatione di V. di Gaman . . . etc.

1500

Pedro Alvares Cabral. Author of Nauigation del Capitano Pedro Aluares scrina per vn pilotto portoghese

1503

Afonso de Albuquergue. Author of Commentarios de Afonso Dalboquerque . . .

1512

Thome Pires. Author of Suma oriental

1520

Domingo Paes. Wrote on Vijayanagar. Account published in A forgotten empire by Sewell

1528

Fernao Lopez de Castanheda. Wrote Historiaa do descobrimento e conquesto da India Polos Portuguese

1535

Fernao Nuniz. A horse dealer wrote on vijayanagar. Account published in A forgotten by Sewell.

1541/42

Francis Xavier.. Renowned Jesuit missionary and canonize a saint. Author of Lettres de S. Francois Xavier

1553

Camoens.Epic. Epic poet. Composed most of Lusiads in India

c. 1559

Diogo do Couto. Keeper of Goa Records. Author of Da Asia (1602-45): 12 Vols.

1560

Edoardo Barbosa. Jesuit missionary

1573

Antonio Cabral.. Envoy of the Portuguese Viceroy at Goa to Akbar’s court

1580

Antonio Monserrate. Jesuit spent several years in Akbar's court. Author of Mongolicae legationis commentarius; etc.

1584

Don Duart de Me. Viceroy. Author of Chronica do Condo D Duarte de Menezes

1590

Pedro Teixerie.. A soldier. Author of relaciones .. de’el origen descendencia y succession de los reyes de Persia .. dende la india Oriental hasta Italia ortierra.

1595

Jerome Xavier. Jesuit Father. Wrote letters from Akbar’s courte.

1595

Emanuel Pinheiro. Colleague of Jerome Xavier

1604

Sebastian Manrique. Member of Augustinian order. Wrote Itinerario in Spanish.

c. 1616

Manual Barradas. Jesuit Missionary. Wrote on Vijayanagar . Author of Discricao da cidade de Columbo etc.

1631

Antonio Bocarro. Histonan and keeper of Goa Records. Author of Decada.. etc.

Vasco da Gama..

 Russia  1470

Athanasius Nikitin. Merchant traveler. Author of Khodzenie za tri morya

c. 1624

Fedot Afanaanaslyev Kotov. Author of a journey of Persia, from Persia to the land of Turkey and to India

1698

S.Malenkov. Merchant traveller

c. 1774

Filip Yefremov. Author of The travels

1785

Herasim Lebedeff. Indologist. Author of A grammar of the pure and mixed East Indian dialects

1855

Helena Petrovitch Blavatsky. Theosophist

1880

Ivan Pavlovitch Minayeff. Indologist. Author of Dnevniki puteshestivi v Indiu i Birmu, 1880, 1885-1886; etc.

 Scandinavia  1863

Lars Olsen Skrefsrud. Missionary from Faaberg. Author of Santali grammar; etc.

1894

Theo Sorensen and Edvard Amundsen. Studied Tibetan religion and customs in India

 Scotland  1763

John Stewart. Wrote Travels to discover the source of moral motion; etc.

1789

James Moffat. Portrait artist

1823

John Stevenson. Missionary. Founded Bombay Gazette and wrote Principles of Mahratti grammar; etc.

1829

John Wilson. Missionary and orientalist. Founded Oriental Christian Spectator. Wrote a History of the suppression of infanticide in western India

1829

Alexender Duff. Missionary. Edited Calcutta Review and wrote India and Indian missions

1839

Thomas Smith. Missionary. Wrote Modern missions and culture; etc.

1859

John Watson McCrindle. Author of Ancient India as described by Ktesias the Knidian; etc.

c. 1880

Edward Hamilton Aitkin. Missionary. Author of Tribes on my frontier; etc.

 Switzerland  1803

De Caselli. Army officer from Basle. Specialized in portrait painting

 Tibet  A.D. 7th Cent.

Thomani Sambhota. A scholar

2nd decade

.

8th. Cent.

Salnang. A Scholar

8/9th Cent.

Namnang. A Scholar

11th. Cent.

Rinchhen Sangpo. A monk

11th. Cent.

Legs pahi S'erab. A monk

11th. Cent.

Nag-Tcho. A scholar

11th. Cent.

Brogmi. A Scholar. Translated Hevajra tantra into Tibetan

 Turkey  1535

Bairam Khan. Accompanied.Hurnayun from Persia . A distinguished officer the Mughal Court. Author of a Diwan

1554

Sidi Ali Reis. Admiral in the navy. Author of Mirat ul memalik

 Turkmenia  c. 1850

Makhtum Kuli Fragi. Poet

 Uzbekistan  A.D. 13th. Cent.

Muhammad ' Anji. Author of Lubab-al-albab

1442

Kama1uddin Abdur Razzaq Samargandi. Remained in Vijayanagar. Author of Malta-us-Sadain




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